This visit proved to be an important event at a critical moment in Asia`s history. When I was young, I had the chance to testify to the huge mass reception that Zhou En-Lai received in India. Wherever he went, there were hundreds and thousands of people who greeted the Chinese premier with the slogan “Hindi-Chini Bhai-Bhai.” Wide-ranging discussions took place between the two Prime Ministers on how to achieve peace in Asia, particularly in South-East Asia, and how to extend the zone of peace to the rest of the world. They concluded that a system of collective security or collective peace, as nehru preferred to call it, could be established in Asia, not by military alliances and alliances that divided nations in a bitter Cold War, but by the Five Principles or Panchsheel (recently signed between China and India). They visualized panchsheel agreements of this type between China and Burma, Burma and India, China and Indonesia, then Indonesia and India, etc., and between as many countries as possible in Asia and the rest of the world. Panchsheel`s idea sparked the imagination of the Asian and global people at a time when the great powers and the developed world were persecuting the Cold War and bitter ideological conflict. The five principles have been accepted almost everywhere by countries and, ultimately, by the United Nations. In a series of active and independent international deeds, Premier Zhou En-Lai and Premier Nehru have visited countries in Asia, Africa and Europe and signed agreements with most of them that embody the Five Principles. The Asia-Africa Conference in Bandung accepted the Five Principles and expatriated them into the Ten Principles of Bandung. The Belgrade Conference of Non-Aligned Nations accepted them as fundamental principles behind the Non-Aligned Movement.
(It was inspired by former President K.R. Narayanan`s keynote speech at a seminar in Beijing in June 2004 on the occasion of Panchsheel`s fiftieth birthday.) At the time of India`s independence, india-China relations have not been so bitter since 1962. America preferred Pakistan at the time, India felt it was good to maintain friendly relations with its neighbor, China. After the 1962 war, which declared the deal undesirable, India and China resumed full diplomatic relations after a 15-year hiatus. Although the immediate Prime Minister Nehru tried to establish good relations between the two countries through the Panchsheel Agreement, he failed and the 1962 war took place between the two countries. Chinese President Xi Jinping said on Tuesday that the country was ready to cooperate with India to try to reach the panchsheel agreement during a meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the BRICS summit in Xiamen. . .