According to a report by the Office of the Chief Economist at Global Affairs Canada, ratification of the TPP would increase Canada`s GDP by $4.3 billion by 2040.   This is mainly due to preferential access to markets in the Asia-Pacific region.   According to the report, ratification by the other signatories of the TPP, but Canada`s failure to ratify the agreement, would mean that Canada would face estimated GDP losses of $5.3 billion by 2040.   As with many trade agreements, the TPP negotiations were conducted until their conclusion in great secrecy. Draft agreements were kept secret during negotiations and access to the working text was significantly restricted, even for government officials and company representatives involved in the talks.  Despite this, parts of WikiLeaks` TPP projects have been leaked to the public, which published in 2013 a draft chapter on intellectual property, a draft environmental chapter in 2014, and the last chapter on intellectual property in 2014.  The TPP agreement establishes an investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) mechanism  that allows investors to sue foreign governments for breaching their contracts. She said: “We believe it will be possible to offset our wish, to ensure that we provide affordable housing, by easing demand and prohibiting foreign speculators from buying existing homes while meeting our business goals.”  South Korea did not participate in the 2006 agreement, but expressed interest in joining the TPP and was invited by the United States to participate in the TPP negotiations in December 2010. . .